If the battery is sound but too weak to start your car, the alternator will probably be able to recharge it as you drive. The trick is to get the car going, and jump-starting will often do the job. But before you get out the cables, check your vehicle's owner's manual. Some carmakers advise against jump-starting to protect the car's electronics from a power surge.
In addition, some batteries have a "state of charge" indicator. A fully charged battery has a colored indicator, usually green or red. Black or clear means the battery is completely discharged and you should not try to recharge or jump-start it. Also, never try a jump-start if the battery's frozen.
You jump-start a car by attaching the weak battery to a similar but strong battery with cables specially made for the job. It's important to follow the exact order of procedure to do this safely:
- Locate the battery. It has two terminals, each marked with a symbol: - for the negative and + for the positive. In some cars, the battery is difficult to reach, so there is often a more accessible remote positive terminal in the engine compartment.
- The good battery must be similar to the one in the car that won't start. Most gasoline-powered cars have 12-volt systems; older cars may have six-volt systems. Park the car with the good battery close enough for the cables to reach the car needing a start, but not so close that they touch.
- Turn off the ignition and all accessories on both cars; set parking brakes; put transmissions in park (automatic) or neutral (manual).
- Connect the cables in this order:
- Start the engine of the car with the good battery and let it idle.
- Start the car with the bad battery.
- After you get the jumped car going, disconnect the negative cable from its ground connection, then from the terminal on the good battery. Next, disconnect the positive cable from both batteries. If the charging system warning lamp stays lit and the engine dies, another jump-start won't help. If the light goes out, there's a good chance the battery will recharge as you drive.
If your battery fails, AAA Battery Service can bring a replacement to you, install it, provide a warranty, and dispose of the old battery—all at member prices (cost varies by make of vehicle). Battery Service also can help you determine whether you actually need a replacement by diagnosing the condition of your current battery.